Lawmakers Left with 3 Options for Power Shift

Write : 2016-11-30 09:32:41 Update : 2016-11-30 13:45:05

Lawmakers Left with 3 Options for Power Shift

Anchor: It is highly likely President Park Geun-hye will not complete her remaining term scheduled to end in February of 2018 now that she asked the parliament to create an exit plan for her. That means an early presidential election is inevitable.
As our Moon Gwang-lip explores possible scenarios for the president's exit, there are three options for lawmakers. 
Report: As President Park Geun-hye has left her political fate up to the National Assembly to decide amid the snowballing Choi Soon-sil scandal, her resignation could even come as early as this week in theory. If the assembly so demands, South Koreans will have to elect a new president as early as late January as the law calls for a presidential election within 60 days after a resignation. 

But lawmakers are facing three more realistic options to deal with the burden put on by the president, including the impeachment of Park, her resignation or a constitutional revision.

If two-thirds of the 300-member parliament vote on a motion for Park's impeachment, it will be sent to the Constitutional Court, which will have the final say on the impeachment decision within 180 days.

In the event the Constitutional Court delays the decision as much as possible within the six-month period, President Park's political fate will be determined only in June. Supposing that the court rules in favor of the impeachment, a presidential election will be held in August.

But if the court takes about two months to reach the decision as it did for the impeachment motion former President Roh Moo-hyun in 2004, an election will be held in April.

If the parliament opts for the president's resignation, rival parties will have to find a new prime minister candidate to be entrusted with presidential authorities while Park takes the course of an orderly exit. Rival parties, in this case, can arrange the timing of the resignation and an ensuing election in advance as long as they manage to find common ground. 

Politicians can also have her step down in line with a constitutional revision on the presidential authority and length of term in office. 

The envisioned amendment will provide a clear timetable for a power shift but only if lawmakers swiftly agree on a wide range of issues. Some of the issues at hand include how to disperse the powers of the chief executive under a semi-presidential system and whether to allow one reelection for presidents.
Moon Gwang-lip, KBS World Radio News. 

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