|Time and Place
|Jun. 23~25, 2004 (Beijing, China)
- Failure to announce a Joint Declaration / agreement on a Chairman's Statement of eight articles
- Chairman's Statement - reconfirmation of determination for the denuclearization of the Peninsula, stresses the prompt specification of the scope/time, interval/method of verification for the CVID process as a first step in resolving the crisis / emphasizes gradual progress under 'words for words' and 'actions for actions'
- Agreement to hold 4th round of talks in Beijing before September 2004
U.S. - presents working-level plan for the first time
- The U.S. presents a working-level plan, similar to South Korea '3-stage process', for the first time at the 3rd round of the talks
- The plan accepts some North Korea requests, such as providing energy and ensuring regime security in exchange for North Korea actions to freeze nuclear program
|North Korea Actions
|Concessions (implemented gradually)
|Announcement on abandoning nuclear program (including HEU) / enacting preparatory measures to dismantle nuclear facilities ( within 3 months )
|ⅰ) Consent for South Korea/China/Japan/Russia to provide North Korea with crude oil
ⅱ) Multilateral security assurance, including non-aggression treaty
ⅲ) Provision of non-nuclear energy
ⅳ) Discussion of U.S. declassification of North Korea as state sponsor of terrorism
|Pursuit of normalization of U.S.-NK relations
North Korea - modifies position on freezing program and CVID
- North Korea expresses willingness to freeze all facilities and reprocessed materials concerned with nuclear weapons - and also possibly nuclear use altogether - so long as certain conditions are met.
- North Korea also states that the freeze would include a pledge to halt further production, transfer, or testing of nuclear weapons. ※ North Korea also announces that it is willing to include its facilities in Yongbyon in the proposed freeze.
Six-party framework retained / U.S. and NK present working-level plans
- Both the U.S. and North Korea present specific working-level plans as basis for future negotiations.
Continued U.S.-NK distrust and emphasis on 'the other's action first'
- Much progress is achieved during the 3rd round of the talks through the revised and detailed working-level plans proposed by both the U.S. and North Korea. North Korea even comments that the U.S. proposal was 'constructive'.
- However, the mutual distrust between the two parties proves to be deep-rooted; both express reluctance to take action until the other takes verifiable action first.
- Both parties fail to bridge fundamental differences in opinions concerning the scope of CVID, peaceful use of nuclear technology, and the existence/method of verification of HEU.
|Developments Until the 4th Round