2018 1st Inter-Korean Summit
- Moon Jae-in - President, Republic of Korea
- Kim Jong-un - Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
- Date: Friday April 27th, 2018
- Venue: Peace House at the truce village of Panmunjeom
Sketches of Panmunjeom
Photos : Yonhap News
Timeline of Inter-Korean Relations2017
President Moon Jae-in was invited to speak at the Körber Foundation(Stiftung) in Berlin, where he announced “Berlin” peace initiatives for the Korean Peninsula.
- Returning to the June 15 Joint Declaration and October fourth Summit Declaration
- Pursuing denuclearization of North Korea that guarantees the security of the North Korean regime
- Establishing a permanent peace regime on the Korean Peninsula
- Drawing a new economic map on the Korean Peninsula
- Pursuing non-political exchange and cooperation projects
|September third||North Korea carried out its sixth nuclear test at the Punggyeri nuclear test site, creating a temporary geopolitical crisis on the Korean Peninsula.|
|September 21st||President Moon Jae-in attended the UN General Assembly in New York. In his keynote speech at the event, Moon announced “PyeongChang Peace Initiatives” under which the South planned to draw North Korea’s participation in the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympics to turn it into an Olympics of Peace and build a momentum for the resolution of the North Korean nuclear issue.|
During his address at the National Assembly, President Moon Jae-in unveiled five principles for achieving peace on the Korean Peninsula.
- No armed conflicts on the Korean Peninsula
- Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula
- Taking a primary role in resolving the inter-Korean issue
- Peaceful resolution of the North Korean nuclear issue
- Stern response to any North Korean provocation
|January first||North Korean leader Kim Jong-un indicated in his New Year’s speech the possibility of sending North Korean delegates and athletes to the Winter Olympics in the South.|
Unification Minister Cho Myoung-gyon and Ri Son-gwon, chairman of the North Korean Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of the Fatherland, sat down with each other for high-level inter-Korean talks at the Peace House of Panmunjeom.
- North Korea’s participation in the PyeongChang Winter Olympics
- Easing of military tension between the two Koreas
- Reinvigorating inter-Korean exchange and cooperation
- Adoption of a joint press statement including the pledge to respect the agreements made during the previous inter-Korean summits
|February ninth||A North Korean high-level delegation, including North Korean leader Kim Jong-un’s sister and deputy director of the Central Committee of the ruling Workers’ Party, Kim Yo-jong, and the head of the Presidium of the Supreme People’s Assembly of the North, Kim Yong-nam, attended the opening ceremony of the PyeongChang Winter Olympics.|
President Moon Jae-in invited the high-ranking North Korean delegation to a luncheon meeting at the presidential office.
Kim Yo-jong delivered North Korean leader Kim Jong-un’s letter to President Moon.
|March fifth||A five-member South Korean delegation, including National Security Adviser Chung Eui-yong and National Intelligence Service Director Suh Hoon, visited North Korea and met with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un.|
|March sixth||The South Korean delegation returned to the South and held a media briefing at the presidential office, where they announced an agreement to hold the 2018 Inter-Korean Summit in late April.|
|March ninth||U.S. President Donald Trump accepted North Korean leader Kim Jong-un’s proposal they meet with each other.|
|March 15th||The government launched the preparation committee for the inter-Korean summit.|
Unification Minister Cho Myoung-gyon and Ri Son-gwon, chairman of the North Korean Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of the Fatherland, held working-level inter-Korean talks at the Tongilgak building on the northern side of Panmunjeom.
They adopted a three-point joint press statement, confirming the plan to hold an inter-Korean summit on April 27th.
A South Korean art troupe put on a performance twice in Pyongyang under the title “Spring Comes.”
North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and his wife Ri Sol-ju watched a performance by the South Korean art troupe on April first.
During the third Plenary Meeting of the Seventh Central Committee of the ruling Workers’ Party presided over by North Korean leader Kim Jong-un in Pyongyang on April 20th, North Korea declared to end the simultaneous pursuit of nuclear weapons and economic growth and instead pursue economic growth and peace.
The North also said it will discontinue nuclear and missile tests and close down its main nuclear testing facility in Punggye-ri in Kilju County in North Hamgyong Province.
|April 27th||The top leaders of the two Koreas are set to meet one another during the 2018 Inter-Korean Summit at Panmunjeom.|
North Korean leader Kim Jong-un makes second visit to China
Kim Jong-un and Chinese President Xi Jinping meet in Dalian, Liaoning Province
|May 9||U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo makes second visit to North Korea, meets Kim Jong-un and discusses denuclearization|
Secretary Pompeo returns home with 3 Korean Americans who were detained in North Korea
U.S. President Donald Trump announces via Twitter that he will hold summit with Kim Jong-un in Singapore on June 12
|May 12||North Korea's Foreign Ministry announces the North invited journalists from South Korea, the U.S., China, Russia and Britain to an event showcasing the dismantlement of the Punggye-ri nuclear test site in Kilju County, North Hamgyong Province|
North Korea informs South Korea it is indefinitely postponing high-level bilateral talks, raising issue with the joint South Korea-U.S. Max Thunder military exercises
North Korea' First Vice Foreign Minister Kim Kye-kwan releases a statement
"Pyongyang will reconsider the North Korea-U.S. summit if it comes under pressure to unilaterally abandon its nuclear program"
|May 17||Chairman of North Korea's Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of the Country, Ri Son-gwon, says it will be difficult to continue talks with South Korea unless key issues are resolved|
|May 18||North Korea refuses to accept a list of South Korean reporters invited to attend the event showcasing the dismantlement of the Punggye-ri test site|
(May 23, Korean time)
South Korean President Moon Jae-in and U.S. President Donald Trump hold a summit at the White House
|May 23||North Korea allows South Korean journalists to cover the dismantlement of the Punggye-ri test site|
North Korean Vice Foreign Minister Choe Son-hui issues a statement over Washington mentioning the possibility of adopting the Libya model when dealing with Pyongyang
"North Korea could make the U.S. suffer a terrible tragedy that it has never experienced or imagined before"
North Korea dismantles Punggye-ri test site in the presence of foreign journalists
President Trump cancels summit with North Korea in a letter to Kim Jong-un
North Korea' First Vice Foreign Minister Kim Kye-kwan releases a statement
"North Korea is willing to talk with the U.S. to resolve issues any time and in any format"
President Trump hints U.S.-North Korea summit could open on June 12
President Moon and Kim Jong-un
hold their second summit in Tongilgak on the northern side of Panmunjeom
Koreas hold high-level talks at the Peace House on the southern side of Panmunjeom
-discuss ways to implement the Panmunjeom Declaration
-agree to establish a joint liaison office in the Gaeseong Industrial Complex
-finalize dates for working-level talks
(follow-up talks on arranging high-level military talks, Red Cross talks, railways, roads and forestry talks, cultural and sports exchanges and a performance by a North Korean art troupe in Seoul)
|June 8||South Korean delegation led by Vice Unification Minister Chun Hae-sung visits the Gaeseong Industrial Complex to prepare for the opening of the liaison office|
Kim Jong-un and President Trump
hold summit on Sentosa island in Singapore and sign a four-point agreement under which they:
-agree to establish new U.S.-North Korea ties
-agree to exert joint efforts toward establishing a peace regime
-reaffirm the Panmunjeom Declaration and vowed efforts for the complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula
-commit to work toward recovering the remains of prisoners of war or soldiers declared missing in action during the Korean War
Koreas hold high-level military talks in Tongilgak
-adopt a joint statement and agree to fully restore military communication lines in the East Sea and Yellow Sea
President Moon receives Secretary Pompeo in audience
Secretary Pompeo shares results of U.S.-North Korea summit
Foreign ministers of South Korea, U.S. and Japan hold talks in Seoul
Koreas hold sports cooperation talks at the Peace House
-agree to hold basketball match in Pyongyang in July and in Seoul in the fall
-agree to make a joint entrance at the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2018 Asian Games in Indonesia and to field joint teams for several events in the Asian Games
|June 19||South Korea and the U.S. announce they will suspend the Ulchi Freedom Guardian exercise|
South Korean delegation visits the Gaeseong Industrial Complex as part of preparations for the joint liaison office
Kim Jong-un and Chinese President Xi Jinping hold summit in Beijing
Koreas hold 12th Red Cross talks at Mount Geumgang
-agree to hold family reunions in August
-agree to repair the reception house at Mount Geumgang
South Korea and the U.S. indefinitely suspend Korean Marine Exchange Program training exercises
|June 25||Koreas hold working-level talks on reconnecting the East Sea and Yellow Sea district military communication lines|
Koreas hold talks on railway cooperation at the Peace House
-agree to reconnect the western Gyeongui Line and the eastern East Sea Line and to modernize the section linking Mount Geumgang and the Tumen River and the section linking Gaeseong and Sinuiju
|June 27||South Korea sends delegation to Mount Geumgang to prepare for family reunions|
Koreas hold working-level talks on road cooperation at Tongilgak
-agree to modernize the road linking Pyongyang and Gaeseong and the road linking Goseong and Wonsan
|July 1||Koreas resume ship-to-ship radio communication links for the first time in ten years|
South Korea begins repair work for the establishment of the joint liaison office
(work focused on repairing workers' lodgings and an office that was used by a joint committee of the two Koreas that oversaw the Gaeseong Industrial Complex)
A 101 member delegation of South Korean athletes and government officials, led by Unification Minister Cho Myoung-gyon, visits North Korea to participate in inter-Korean basketball matches
Pyongyang hosts inter-Korean basketball matches
July 4 Teams comprising a mixture of South and North Korean players hold basketball match
July 5 Koreas hold another basketball match and hold talks on hosting additional joint sports events
July 3 Koreas exchange lists of people wishing to take part in family reunions (250 S. Koreans, 200 N. Koreans)
Koreas hold working-level talks on boosting forestry cooperation at the Peace House
-agree to modernize tree nurseries and boost pest control cooperation
Koreas continue to hold working-level talks in Pyongyang on hosting additional joint sports events
South Korean Unification Minister Cho Myoung-gyon and Vice Chairman of the Central Committee of North Korea's Workers' Party Kim Yong-chol meet in Pyongyang
Secretary Pompeo Visits Pyongyang and meets Kim Jong-un
-North Korea's Foreign Ministry expresses regret over Washington's attitude with regard to Pompeo's visit
South Korea announces it will suspend this year's Ulchi Drill
-South Korea decides to conduct Ulchi Taeguk drills from 2019
North Korea and the U.S. hold working-level talks on repatriating the remains of American soldiers killed during the Korean War
A 5 member group from the Korean Council for Reconciliation and Cooperation visits North Korea (July 16-19)
The group discuss a proposal for joint efforts on bringing home the remains of Korean victims of Japan's wartime forced labor from Japan
July 17 Koreas fully restore their military communication line in the Yellow Sea district
|July 24||Koreas inspect section linking Gaeseong and Sinuiju on the Gyeongui Line; South-North joint railway research team holds first meeting|
|July 27||North Korea returns 55 sets of remains of American soldiers killed during the Korean War Kim Jong-un conveys letter to President Trump|
Koreas hold general-level talks at the Peace House
-discuss disarming the Joint Security Area, jointly excavating the remains of soldiers in the Demilitarized Zone, withdrawing troops from border guard posts on a trial basis and halting hostile activities in the Yellow Sea
|August 4||Koreas exchange final lists of family members for inter-Korean reunions (93 S. Koreans, 88 N. Koreans)|
|August 8||Koreas jointly inspect Mount Geumgang area for insect damage to trees|
North Korea proposes holding high-level inter-Korean talks
South-North joint railway research team holds second meeting
Koreas hold high-level talks at Tongilgak
-agree to hold inter-Korean summit in September
|August 20-22, 24-26||Koreas hold 21st family reunions at Mount Geumgang|
President Moon's special delegation, led by National Security Adviser Chung Eui-yong, visits North Korea and meets Kim Jong-un
Agree on date for third inter-Korean summit
|September 13||Koreas hold 40th working-level military talks at Panmunjeom|
Koreas hold high-level working-level talks to prepare for third inter-Korean summit
-agree that President Moon will travel to North Korea via a direct flight route between Incheon and Pyongyang
-agree to air live major events of the summit, including the moment President Moon and Kim Jong-un meet
Koreas open joint liaison office, establishing first 24/7 inter-Korean communication channel
President Moon and Kim Jong-un
hold their third summit in Pyongyang
Apr. 27th Panmunjeom Declaration
Panmunjeom Declaration for Peace, Prosperity and Unification of the Korean Peninsula
During this momentous period of historical transformation on the Korean Peninsula, reflecting the enduring aspiration of the Korean people for peace, prosperity and unification, President Moon Jae-in of the Republic of Korea and Chairman Kim Jong-un of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea held an Inter-Korean Summit Meeting at the ‘Peace House’ at Panmunjeom on April 27, 2018.
The two leaders solemnly declared before the 80 million Korean people and the whole world that there will be no more war on the Korean Peninsula and thus a new era of peace has begun.
The two leaders, sharing the firm commitment to bring a swift end to the Cold War relic of longstanding division and confrontation, to boldly approach a new era of national reconciliation, peace and prosperity, and to improve and cultivate inter-Korean relations in a more active manner, declared at this historic site of Panmunjeom as follows :
1. South and North Korea will reconnect the blood relations of the people and bring forward the future of co-prosperity and unification led by Koreans by facilitating comprehensive and groundbreaking advancement in inter-Korean relations. Improving and cultivating inter-Korean relations is the prevalent desire of the whole nation and the urgent calling of the times that cannot be held back any further.
① South and North Korea affirmed the principle of determining the destiny of the Korean nation on their own accord and agreed to bring forth the watershed moment for the improvement of inter-Korean relations by fully implementing all existing agreements and declarations adopted between the two sides thus far.
② South and North Korea agreed to hold dialogue and negotiations in various fields including at high level, and to take active measures for the implementation of the agreements reached at the Summit.
③ South and North Korea agreed to establish a joint liaison office with resident representatives of both sides in the Gaeseong region in order to facilitate close consultation between the authorities as well as smooth exchanges and cooperation between the peoples.
④ South and North Korea agreed to encourage more active cooperation, exchanges, visits and contacts at all levels in order to rejuvenate the sense of national reconciliation and unity. Between South and North, the two sides will encourage the atmosphere of amity and cooperation by actively staging various joint events on the dates that hold special meaning for both South and North Korea, such as June 15, in which participants from all levels, including central and local governments, parliaments, political parties, and civil organizations, will be involved. On the international front, the two sides agreed to demonstrate their collective wisdom, talents, and solidarity by jointly participating in international sports events such as the 2018 Asian Games.
⑤ South and North Korea agreed to endeavor to swiftly resolve the humanitarian issues that resulted from the division of the nation, and to convene the Inter-Korean Red Cross Meeting to discuss and solve various issues including the reunion of separated families. In this vein, South and North Korea agreed to proceed with reunion programs for the separated families on the occasion of the National Liberation Day of August 15 this year.
⑥ South and North Korea agreed to actively implement the projects previously agreed in the 2007 October 4 Declaration, in order to promote balanced economic growth and co-prosperity of the nation. As a first step, the two sides agreed to adopt practical steps towards the connection and modernization of the railways and roads on the eastern transportation corridor as well as between Seoul and Sinuiju for their utilization.
2. South and North Korea will make joint efforts to alleviate the acute military tension and practically eliminate the danger of war on the Korean Peninsula. Alleviating the military tension and eliminating the danger of war is a highly significant challenge directly linked to the fate of the Korean people and also a vital task in guaranteeing their peaceful and stable lives.
① South and North Korea agreed to completely cease all hostile acts against each other in every domain, including land, air and sea, that are the source of military tension and conflict. In this vein, the two sides agreed to transform the demilitarized zone into a peace zone in a genuine sense by ceasing as of May 1 this year all hostile acts and eliminating their means, including broadcasting through loudspeakers and distribution of leaflets, in the areas along the Military Demarcation Line.
② South and North Korea agreed to devise a practical scheme to turn the areas around the Northern Limit Line in the West Sea into a maritime peace zone in order to prevent accidental military clashes and guarantee safe fishing activities.
③ South and North Korea agreed to take various military measures to ensure active mutual cooperation, exchanges, visits and contacts. The two sides agreed to hold frequent meetings between military authorities, including the Defense Ministers Meeting, in order to immediately discuss and solve military issues that arise between them. In this regard, the two sides agreed to first convene military talks at the rank of general in May.
3. South and North Korea will actively cooperate to establish a permanent and solid peace regime on the Korean Peninsula. Bringing an end to the current unnatural state of armistice and establishing a robust peace regime on the Korean Peninsula is a historical mission that must not be delayed any further.
① South and North Korea reaffirmed the Non-Aggression Agreement that precludes the use of force in any form against each other, and agreed to strictly adhere to this Agreement.
② South and North Korea agreed to carry out disarmament in a phased manner, as military tension is alleviated and substantial progress is made in military confidence-building.
③ During this year that marks the 65th anniversary of the Armistice, South and North Korea agreed to actively pursue trilateral meetings involving the two Koreas and the United States, or quadrilateral meetings involving the two Koreas, the United States and China with a view to declaring an end to the War, turning the armistice into a peace treaty, and establishing a permanent and solid peace regime.
④ South and North Korea confirmed the common goal of realizing, through complete denuclearization, a nuclear-free Korean Peninsula. South and North Korea shared the view that the measures being initiated by North Korea are very meaningful and crucial for the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and agreed to carry out their respective roles and responsibilities in this regard. South and North Korea agreed to actively seek the support and cooperation of the international community for the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.
The two leaders agreed, through regular meetings and direct telephone conversations, to hold frequent and candid discussions on issues vital to the nation, to strengthen mutual trust and to jointly endeavor to strengthen the positive momentum towards continuous advancement of inter-Korean relations as well as peace, prosperity and unification of the Korean Peninsula.
In this context, President Moon Jae-in agreed to visit Pyongyang this fall.
April 27, 2018
Done in Panmunjeom
Republic of Korea
State Affairs Commission Democratic People’s Republic of Korea