2007 Inter-Korean Summit
The 2007 inter-Korean summit concluded with the October fourth joint declaration. However, the process that led up to this historic event were not entirely smooth. The summit talks between President Roh Moo-hyun and North Korean leader Kim Jong-il were originally scheduled for late August, but were delayed after North Korea suffered serious flood damage from heavy rains at the beginning of that month. Seven years had passed since the first inter-Korean summit in 2000. Since the 2000 joint declaration stipulated that Kim Jong-il would make a return visit to Seoul, a second summit seemed unlikely. Nevertheless, the South Korean side did not insist on holding the summit in Seoul but relented toward a change of venue to Pyongyang
Preparation LogJuly 2007
|Early July||Seoul proposed to Pyongyang a high-level meeting to discuss the holding of a second inter-Korean summit|
|July 29||Pyongyang invited National Intelligence Service (NIS) Director Kim Man-bok to visit the North|
|August 2 ~ 3||NIS Director Kim visited North Korea as a special presidential envoy. The North proposed holding a summit in Pyongyang in late August.|
|August 4 ~ 5||The NIS chief visited North Korea again. The two sides agreed to hold the summit.|
|August 8||Seoul announced that the inter-Korean summit would be held August 28 ~ 30.|
|August 14||The two Koreas agreed in working-level talks that President Roh Moo-hyun would travel to the North via an overland route using the road running alongside the Gyeongui Line cross-border railway.|
|August 18||Seoul announced that the summit would be postponed to October second due to severe flood damage in the North.|
|September 18||Seoul’s first advance party visited North Korea for preparations.|
|September 27||Seoul’s second advance party visited the North.|
Tuesday, October 2, 2007
October 2 ~ 4 The 2007 inter-Korean summit talks took place in Pyongyang.
From Pres. Roh's Departure to the Signing of the October Fourth Declaration
|07:46||President Roh Moo-hyun addressed the nation before leaving the presidential office, Cheong Wa Dae.|
|07:55||Pres. Roh left Cheong Wa Dae by motorcade.|
|09:05||The president walked across the military demarcation line. (He made a brief statement before crossing. High-ranking North Korean officials were on the other side to greet him.)|
|11:40||Roh arrived in front of the People’s Palace of Culture. North Korea’s number-two leader and parliamentary chief Kim Yong-nam received him.|
|12:00||North Korean leader Kim Jong-il received President Roh at the April 25 House of Culture with a welcoming ceremony including an honor guard inspection.|
|12:21||Roh arrived at the Baekhwawon State Guesthouse.|
|16:00||President Roh Moo-hyun met with parliamentary chief Kim Yong-nam at the Mansudae Assembly Hall, the seat of the North's parliament.|
|19:00||Kim Yong-nam hosted a welcoming banquet for President Roh.|
|09:34 ~ 11:45||1st Round of Inter-Korean summit talks.|
|14:45 ~ 16:25||2nd Round (Kim Jong-il proposed to extend the summit talks by a day but later withdrew the invitation.).|
|20:00 ~ 21:30||Pres. Roh watched the Arirang Festival (May 1st Stadium in Neungrado).|
|22:10||Pres. Roh hosted a banquet at Baekhwawon. (Chairman Kim did not attend the banquet. From the South’s side, NIS Director Kim Man-bok missed the banquet to negotiate the text of the inter-Korean declaration.)|
|08:50||President Roh Moo-hyun visited Pyeonghwa Motors in Nampo.|
|09:45||The president visited the West Sea floodgates, also in Nampo.|
|13:00||The two leaders signed the inter-Korean joint declaration and attended the farewell luncheon at Baekhwawon.|
|16:50||Farewell Ceremony (People’s Palace of Culture)|
|19:30||Pres. Roh visited the inter-Korean industrial complex in Gaesong.|
|21:00||The South Korean delegation arrived at the South's Dorasan Train Station. At the welcoming ceremony, Mr. Roh called his visit a success.|
2007 Inter-Korean Summit Results
The 2007 inter-Korean joint declaration signed by President Roh Moo-hyun and North Korean leader Kim Jong-il outlined the results of the two leaders’ summit talks. The October Fourth Joint Declaration comprises eight main paragraphs and two separate paragraphs.
Outline of the Declaration by Paragraph
|Implementation of the June 15 Joint Declaration||- To independently resolve the reunification issue
- To implement and commemorate the June 15th Joint Declaration
|Inter-Korean Relations Based on Mutual Respect and Confidence||- Not to interfere in the internal affairs of the other side
- To carry out legal and institutional changes to advance inter-Korean relations for reunification
- To promote dialogue in all fields including at the inter-parliamentary level
|Alleviating Military Tension||- To closely cooperate to end military hostilities, ease tension and ensure peace on the Korean Peninsula
- To oppose any war on the peninsula and honor non-aggression commitments
- To hold defense ministers’ talks in Pyongyang this November to designate joint fishing zones with a view to promoting peace between the two Koreas and to discuss military confidence-building measures
|Conversion of Armistice into a Lasting Peace Arrangement||- To seek a three- or four-way meeting of parties concerned to formally declare an end to the Korean War
- To make efforts to ensure smooth implementation of the six-party talks’ September 19, 2005 joint statement and February 13, 2007 agreement to resolve the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula
- To actively facilitate and expand inter-Korean economic cooperation for balanced development and mutual prosperity
- To encourage investment, build economic infrastructure, develop resources and grant preferential treatment and privileges to each other
- To establish a “special area for peace and cooperation in the West Sea” near Haeju and neighboring waters, while pursuing such initiatives as the establishment of joint fishing and peace zones, the construction of special economic zones, the use of Haeju Port for direct passage of civilian vessels and the joint use of the Han River estuary
- To launch second-phase development of the Gaesong Industrial Complex
- To begin freight transport via rail between Munsan in the South and Bongdong in the North
- To establish regulations on issues of passage, communications and customs clearance
- To discuss and advance reconstruction and repairs on the railroad between Gaesong and Sinuiju and the highway between Gaesong and Pyongyang
- To build shipbuilding complexes in Anbyeon and Nampo
- To cooperate in the fields of agriculture, health care and environmental protection
- To upgrade the “South-North Committee for the Promotion of Economic Cooperation” to the deputy prime minister-level “Joint Committee for inter-Korean Economic Cooperation”
|Social, Cultural Exchanges and Cooperation||- To seek exchanges and cooperation in the fields of history, language, education, science and technology, culture and arts, and sports
- To launch tours to the North Korean side of Mt. Baekdu and direct flights between Mt. Baekdu and Seoul
- To transport South and North Korean cheering squads to the 2008 Beijing Olympics on the inter-Korean Gyeongui Line
|Humanitarian Cooperation||- To expand reunions of separated families and to begin exchanges of video correspondence between them
- To post permanent representatives at the Mt. Geumgang reunion center once it's completed and to hold regular reunions of separated families
- To cooperate actively in case of natural disasters and other calamities
|Cooperation on the International Stage||- To strengthen cooperation for the interests of the two Koreas and rights and interests of overseas Koreans|
ㆍThe two Koreas agreed to hold the first inter-Korean prime ministers’ talks in Seoul this November
ㆍThey agreed to hold summit talks more frequently to promote inter-Korean relations.
October 15 Joint Declaration in 2007
The following is the full text of the eight-point agreement by the leaders of the two Koreas at the end of their summit
Declaration on the Advancement of South-North Korean Relations, Peace and Prosperity.
In accordance with the agreement between President Roh Moo-hyun of the Republic of Korea and Chairman Kim Jong-il of the National Defense Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, President Roh visited Pyongyang from October 2-4, 2007. During the visit, there were historic meetings and discussions.
At the meetings and talks, the two sides have reaffirmed the spirit of the June 15 Joint Declaration and had frank discussions on various issues related to realizing the advancement of South-North relations, peace on the Korean Peninsula, common prosperity of the Korean people and unification of Korea.
Expressing confidence that they can forge a new era of national prosperity and unification on their own initiative if they combine their will and capabilities, the two sides declare as follows, in order to expand and advance South-North relations based on the June 15 Joint Declaration:
1. The South and the North shall uphold and endeavor actively to realize the June 15 Declaration.
The South and the North have agreed to resolve the issue of unification on their own initiative and according to the spirit of “by-the-Korean-people-themselves.” The South and the North will work out ways to commemorate the June 15 anniversary of the announcement of the South-North Joint Declaration to reflect the common will to faithfully carry it out.
2. The South and the North have agreed to firmly transform inter-Korean relations into ties of mutual respect and trust, transcending the differences in ideology and systems.
The South and the North have agreed not to interfere in the internal affairs of the other and agreed to resolve inter-Korean issues in the spirit of reconciliation, cooperation and reunification.
The South and the North have agreed to overhaul their respective legislative and institutional apparatuses in a bid to develop inter-Korean relations in a reunification-oriented direction.
The South and the North have agreed to proactively pursue dialogue and contacts in various areas, including the legislatures of the two Koreas, in order to resolve matters concerning the expansion and advancement of inter-Korean relations in a way that meets the aspirations of the entire Korean people.
3. The South and the North have agreed to closely work together to put an end to military hostilities, mitigate tensions and guarantee peace on the Korean Peninsula. The South and the North have agreed not to antagonize each other, reduce military tension, and resolve issues in dispute through dialogue and negotiation.
The South and the North have agreed to oppose war on the Korean Peninsula and to adhere strictly to their obligation to nonaggression.
The South and the North have agreed to designate a joint fishing area in the West Sea to avoid accidental clashes. The South’s Minister of Defense and the North’s Minister of the People’s Armed Forces have also agreed to hold talks in Pyongyang this November to discuss military confidence-building measures, including military guarantees covering the plans and various cooperative projects for making this joint fishing area into a peace area.
4. The South and the North both recognize the need to end the current armistice regime and build a permanent peace regime. The South and the North have also agreed to work together to advance the matter of having the leaders of the three or four parties directly concerned to convene on the Peninsula and declare an end to the war. With regard to the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula, the South and the North have agreed to work together to implement smoothly the September 19, 2005 Joint Statement and the February 13, 2007 Agreement achieved at the Six-Party Talks.
5. The South and the North have agreed to facilitate, expand, and further develop inter-Korean economic cooperation projects on a continual basis for balanced economic development and co-prosperity on the Korean Peninsula in accordance with the principles of common interests, co-prosperity and mutual aid.
The South and the North reached an agreement on promoting economic cooperation, including investments, pushing forward with the building of infrastructure and the development of natural resources. Given the special nature of inter-Korean cooperative projects, the South and the North have agreed to grant preferential conditions and benefits to those projects.
The South and the North have agreed to create a “special peace and cooperation zone in the West Sea” encompassing Haeju and vicinity in a bid to proactively push ahead with the creation of a joint fishing zone and maritime peace zone, establishment of a special economic zone, utilization of Haeju harbor, passage of civilian vessels via direct routes in Haeju and the joint use of the Han River estuary.
The South and the North have agreed to complete the first-phase construction of the Gaeseong Industrial Complex at an early date and embark on the second-stage development project. The South and the North have agreed to open freight rail services between Munsan and Bongdong and promptly complete various institutional measures, including those related to passage, communication, and customs clearance procedures.
The South and the North have agreed to discuss repairs of the Gaeseong-Sinuiju railroad and the Gaeseong-Pyongyang expressway for their joint use.
The South and the North have agreed to establish cooperative complexes for shipbuilding in Anbyeon and Nampo, while continuing cooperative projects in various areas such as agriculture, health and medical services and environmental protection.
The South and the North have agreed to upgrade the status of the existing Inter-Korean Economic Cooperation Promotion Committee to a Joint Committee for Inter-Korean Economic Cooperation to be headed by deputy prime minister-level officials.
6. The South and the North have agreed to boost exchanges and cooperation in the social areas covering history, language, education, science and technology, culture and arts, and sports to highlight the long history and excellent culture of the Korean people.
The South and the North have agreed to carry out tours to Mt. Baekdu and open nonstop flight services between Seoul and Mt. Baekdu for this purpose.
The South and the North have agreed to send a joint cheering squad from both sides to the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. The squad will use the Gyeongui Railway Line for the first-ever joint Olympic cheering.
7. The South and the North have agreed to actively promote humanitarian cooperation projects.
The South and the North have agreed to expand reunion of separated family members and their relatives and promote exchanges of video messages.
To this end, the South and the North have agreed to station resident representatives from each side at the reunion center at Mt. Geumgang when it is completed and regularize reunions of separated family members and their relatives.
The South and the North have agreed to actively cooperate in case of emergencies, including natural disasters, according to the principles of fraternal love, humanitarianism and mutual assistance.
8. The South and the North have agreed to increase cooperation to promote the interests of the Korean people and the rights and interests of overseas Koreans on the international stage.
The South and the North have agreed to hold inter-Korean prime ministers’ talks for the implementation of this Declaration and have agreed to hold the first round of meetings in November 2007 in Seoul.
The South and the North have agreed that their highest authorities will meet frequently for the advancement of relations between the two sides.
October 4, 2007
Republic of Korea
Chairman, National Defense Commission
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea